Austria


Austria is the Latinized identify of Austria. It initially solely referred to at this time’s Decrease Austria, later your entire Habsburg monarchy and, within the Spanish kind Casa de Austria, its ruling dynasty. It serves as a translation for “Austria” in varied languages ​​and can also be used as a model time period to create a reference to Austria.
The allegory of Austria, a logo of the Austrian state, is represented as a feminine determine with a mural crown in her hair and a spear in her hand, leaning on a coat of arms.

phrase origin and historical past

The identify Austria is mentioned for the primary time in a doc written in Latin by King Konrad III. dated April 25, 1147, which is stored at this time within the Klosterneuburg monastery of the Augustinian canons. It speaks of products that got away by the Austrie Aprilionibus, the Margraves of Austria (Apriliones Austriae).[1]
Nevertheless, the identify doesn’t return to the Latin, however to the proto-Germanic language. The Outdated Excessive German *austar- means one thing like “to the east” or “within the east”, and the Outdated Icelandic Edda calls the legendary dwarf of the east Austri. Intently associated to the phrase Austria are the names Austrasia and Austrien for the dominion of East Francia and the East. The foundation ôstar- can also be recognizable within the older identify Ostarrîchi. In Icelandic, Austria continues to be known as Austurríki (pronounced with an preliminary “Ö”, [ˈøistʏrˈriːcɪ]).[2] The resemblance to the Latin oyster for “south wind” and terra australis for the “southern nation” of Australia is coincidental.
Because the Center Ages, the archduchy of Austria has been often called Austria and the (arch) duke of Austria as (archi-) dux Austriae. Because the fifteenth century, the time period domus Austriae, first documented in 1326, has been used for your entire Home of Austria, however its Spanish translation Casa de Austria within the narrower sense just for the Spanish line of the Habsburgs. Austria has been often called the nationwide allegory of Austria within the visible arts because the 18th century.

Carrying the identify of the republic in firm names

The usage of the phrase Austria in firm names (firm) or different establishments is just permitted with federal approval. Part 16 Z2 of the German Business Code states “The corporate should not comprise any data that’s more likely to mislead about enterprise relationships which might be important for the audience.” This precept was utilized in relation to the identify suffixes Austria, austro – but additionally Austria, Austrian and the names of different regional authorities, comparable to Styrian, Vienna – interpreted in such a approach that they “[are] solely permissible if it’s a firm of above-average significance or merchandise of sometimes Austrian character or of considerably greater high quality are manufactured.” The identical applies to golf equipment and different associations.

Vienna museums launch OnlyFans account to display ‘explicit’ artworks

Vienna is adopting an unconventional approach to art regulation, using the adults-only web portal OnlyFans to showcase its most “explicit” artworks.

The Austrian capital’s tourist authority is now exhibiting art from four of the city’s most renowned institutions on the adults-only platform in reaction to social media platforms’ banning of certain creative material including nudity.

Several Austrian museums, notably the Albertina and the Leopold, have lately encountered difficulties while uploading artwork on social media accounts, resulting in the banning of certain works of art that include nudity.

In July, the Albertina Museum’s TikTok account was banned – and subsequently deleted – for showing works by Nobuyoshi Araki, a Japanese artist and photographer, that included a partly covered breast.

Instagram said in 2019 that a painting by renowned Flemish artist Peter Paul Rubens breached the platform’s community standards. Earlier this year, when the Leopold Museum celebrated its twentieth anniversary, a video posted on Facebook and Instagram featuring Koloman Moser’s work was rejected by the sites due to it being identified as “possibly sexual.”

Now, these works and more of Vienna’s “18+ material” are available in their entirety, uncensored, on OnlyFans – a subscription-based website best known for sharing and watching pornographic video.

According to the capital’s tourism board, Vienna is home to “some of the world’s most renowned artists […] whose works pushed the boundaries of what was considered acceptable in art and society at the time […] so it’s unsurprising that some of their artworks ran afoul of the censors more than a century ago.”

And the fight against censorship continues: with the development of social media, such restrictions have made a comeback. Nudity and ‘lewd’ material are firmly in the crosshairs of major social media platforms like Instagram and Facebook.”

Additionally, the tourist board claimed that “Vienna and its art institutions are victims of this new wave of conservatism,” which is why they chose to include “the capital’s world-famous ‘explicit’ artworks on OnlyFans.”

Vienna’s tourist authority also alluded to the platform’s unfiltered nature, stating that it “shook up social media by allowing producers to openly distribute nudist and pornographic material with users.”
Subscribers will get either a free Vienna city card or a complimentary admission ticket to one of the highlighted institutions, where the city’s tourist office has said that “uncensored pieces of art in issue may be seen in person.”

OnlyFans itself ran into censoring problems in August when it implemented a restriction on “sexually explicit material” – a move that sparked such outrage that it was overturned only days later.